4 tablespoons peanut or coconut oil
2 (3 –inch) cinnamon stick
3 star anise
4 pounds’ beef chuck, cut into 2 inch cubes across the grain
1 tablespoon sugar
2 cups coconut milk
Salt to taste
1 cup toasted grated coconut or toasted desiccated coconut
6 whole shallots, peeled and quartered
2 fresh red chilies, chopped
4 stalks fresh lemongrass, outer layer peeled and chopped from the base or 5 tablespoons frozen lemongrass
3-inch piece galangal, chopped
2 inch fresh ginger, peeled and chopped
6 garlic cloves, peeled and left whole
½ teaspoon turmeric powder
1 tablespoon chili or cayenne powder
½ teaspoon cumin powder
¼ cup tamarind water (page 000)
1. Prepare the spice paste by placing shallots, chilies, lemongrass, galangal, ginger and garlic, turmeric, chili or cayenne powder and cumin powder in the food processor
together with ¼ cup of tamarind water and blend the spices to a smooth paste. If needed to facilitate the blending of the paste, add a litter water in small increments while the motor is running. You will end you with a fragrant bright orange in color spice paste. Set aside.
2. Heat oil in a large Dutch oven pot or large heavy pot over medium heat. Add the cinnamon, star anise and fry for 1 minute until fragrant. Now add the blended spice paste and mix well to combine.
3. Now add the beef, sugar and coconut milk, mix well. Cover and cook on low heat until the meat is tender, about 1 hour 15 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent the spices from sticking and scorching.
4. After an hour, you will end up with a lot of liquid in the pot, uncover the pot add the grated coconut, mix well and continue cooking the beef until most of the liquid is reduced and the oil has separated on the surface, about 30 minutes. The sauce will appear thicker and darker brown at this point. During this stage as the meat starts to brown, it is key to stir carefully to prevent the meat from sticking and burning. Test the meat it should be fork tender.
5. Add salt to taste and mix well. Turn off the heart. Allow the meat to rest for a few minutes as the dish will taste better. Serve with coconut rice.
How to Prepare Toasted Coconut or Kerisik
Kerisik is made using frozen unsweetened grated or shredded coconut that comes in a 6 by 6-inch package and imported from Thailand or the Philippines, and sold at most Asian supermarkets. Kerisik’s role is to bring texture, aroma and an attractive brown color to meat dishes. In rendang, the kerisik is added at the end to help thicken the sauce instead of using corn starch since roasted coconut would naturally complement any dish made with coconut milk.
1. Use one 16-ounce package of frozen grated coconut (found in the freezer sections in Asian supermarkets). (To thaw, place the frozen coconut package in hot water).
2. Place the grated coconut in dry wok over medium heat and fry until it goes from white to brown, stirring occasionally to ensure the base does not burn, about 30 minutes. Once the coconut appears dry, brown and fragrant, remove from heat.
3. Place the coconut in the blender and pulse to obtain a rough powder. Alternatively, the traditional method is pounding the coconut in small batches in a mortar and pestle to release the fragrant oils (picah minyak).
4. Store the toasted coconut in an air tight container. Toasted coconut can last up to four months in the pantry or 6 months in the refrigerator and 1 year plus in the freezer.